Tips on Using Your Unix Account

Remember This?

This message is featured every time you log onto a remote network, such as gaia

*** Send mail to "root" if any problems are noticed on this system.

*** Use the commands: "pine" for E-mail, "lynx" for vt100-based web browsing, "gopher" for csusinfo, "pico" for editing and "tin" for reading news.

*** New Xterminal users!!!! Use the middle mouse button to launch remote terminal connections to other systems and servers.

Logging Off

When you are done using your account, you should always log off of your machine properly so that no one can access your account. You can log off by clicking the left mouse button on any part of the screen background and dragging the cursor down to logout. Or, you can just click the EXIT icon on some systems.

Changing Your Password

The password that was initially assigned to you might be hard to remember. To change your password, type "passwd" at the Unix prompt.

Lost Your Password?

If you have lost your password, you must re-apply for a new Unix account. Where it asks for the reason, simply say "I have lost my password".

Resetting / Updating your Account

You can do this by copying the setup files from a certain directory. But first, you should do this:

mkdir save
cp .* save

to backup your files. Then, you would do this:

cp /netdisk/skel/.* .

and you are all set!

Temporary Disk Space

Temporary disk space is available in /netdisk/tmp . Just copy or create the files you need in that directory. Unless the file is updated or accessed every 23 hours, it will be automatically deleted.

Increasing your disk quota

Fill out the online form and follow its directions

Signature Files

Would you like to have a signature file? You know them. They contain words that are attached to a person's email letter. They usually contain things like their email address and their home page address. Well, to create one, do this in your main directory: pico .signature

Just try to keep it a reasonable size (about 4-5 lines or less).

Get Found

Ever wonder how to make it easy for others to find you using finger? Well, I can tell you how it's done! There is a file you must create and modify called .plan. It usually contains a schedule of how to reach you or other miscellaneous information you want to put in it, such as an email address, or a home page URL. You can edit this file by typing: pico .plan in your main directory. While you're here, you might as well edit your .project file. When someone is logged onto a network, preferably gaia, they can type finger --info accountname and they will see the contents of your .plan and .project files. Of course, those two files will have to be readable (chmod 704 *).

Changing your Finger Name

To change your finger name, type ypchfn at the Unix prompt.

Automatically Forwarding your E-Mail

To automatically forward your e-mail address to another account, edit the .forward file in your account and type in the e-mail address you automatically want it sent to.

Saving Copies of Sent Email Messages

To configure your Unix email account to save a copy of sent-mail. Go into pine and hit S for Setup. Then C for config. Go down to where it says default-fcc. Hit C for Change Value. Then type in sent-mail in the field.

Floppy Disk Access on Unix Terminals

The following commands are only available on Hewlett Packard Terminals, but have not been tested.

Verify the Floppy Disk Drive Configuration

/etc/ioscan

Saving Files to a Floppy Diskette

Model 715/33, 715/50, 715/75

tar -cvf /dev/rfloppy/c201d0s0 pathname

Model 715/64, 715/80, 715/100

tar -cvf /dev/rfloppy/c20Ad1s0 pathname

Restoring Files from a Floppy Diskette to Your System

Model 715/33, 715/50, 715/75

tar -xvf /dev/rfloppy/c201d0s0 pathname

Model 715/64, 715/80, 715/100

tar -xvf /dev/rfloppy/c20Ad1s0 pathname

Listing Files on a Floppy Diskette

Model 715/33, 715/50, 715/75

tar -tvf /dev/rfloppy/c201d0s0

Model 715/64, 715/80, 715/100

tar -tvf /dev/rfloppy/c20Ad1s0

Chatting with your Unix Account

Many of you are aware that you can use your account to chat with others who also have an account. For those of you who don't know, read on. First, you must log on (telnet, rlogin) to a server, such as gaia. Then, you would type finger |more to see who is on. After selecting your hapless victim, type ntalk username@server.ecs.csus.edu substituting in the appropriate words, of course. Then, there will be a small period of wait while your party responds. To quit, just hit CTRL-C. By default, your chat availability is turned on. To turn it off for your current session, you must type mesg n


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